Our due diligence standards are based on the leading project cycle oriented design procedure developed by the Open Quality Standards Initiative, OQSI:1 (2017). This consists of a Due Diligence Design Procedure (3DP) developed specifically to ensure that all factors are taken into account and given due consideration in the design phase. A diagram of the 3DP is provided below. 3DP runs within the Real Time Audit environment whose network has global coverage. This enables projects in any world location to report progress and for portfolio managers located anywhere to oversee progress on a 24/7 basis through on-demand analysis and reporting. The number of due diligence steps and associated procedures in project design, monitoring and decision-making are listed below in the diagram:




  • Gaps & need analysis

  • Constraints analysis:

    • Economic issues
    • Factor markets
    • Produce & service markets
    • Logistics
    • Environmental issues
    • Ecosystems
    • Key location coordinates
    • Key location distances
    • Other location factors

  • Procedural & project level constraints:

    • Eligibility
    • Legal & regulatory
    • Required administrative procedure cycles
    • Financial criteria & budget
    • Other relevant projects/initiatives

  • Cross-cutting issues (xci):

    • Wellbeing
    • Sustainable environment
    • Climate change & disasters
    • Governance of xci

  • Initial assessment and conclusions

    • Target value chain models
    • Prioritization of feasible options
    • Identification of feasible solutions
    • Identification of resource requirements
    • Initial baseline project structure
    • Upstream value chain components  
    • Downstream value chain components



  • Detailed output & input qualitative and quantitative specifications:
    • Output specifications
    • Process specifications
    • Input specifications for:
      • Personnel
      • Variable inputs including materials, energy and information
      • Fixed capital items including equipment, land and work areas
  • Output: Adjusted baseline project design

  • Optimization of the adjusted baseline designs:

    • Throughput quantity
    • Throughput quality
    • Costs
    • Timing
    • Risks


    Final output: A range of optimised project design, plan, resource assignments including human resources and a Gantt Chart. Each one is fully costed and evaluated show physical and fianancial evaluations and from which a preferred project can be selected. This process also generates data base content (Accumulog) of the other feasible options in the form of Logical Process Options (LPOs). When necesssary these LPOs can provide real time decision support in response to change occurring during project execution providing guidance on optimised courses of action.